Inferring in Second Grade

Last week we focused on one of my very favorite skills to teach: making inferences. Although this skill is not explicitly in the common core standards for 2nd grade, it is part of CAFE. Also, RL2.1 and RI2.1 both say “Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.”. I feel like this is not possible without students being able to infer information that is not explicitly explained in the text.

Here was my first (and favorite lesson) on inferring.

Inferring Beach Gear

I told my kiddos that I was going on a trip, but I wasn’t going to tell them where I was going right out. They had to look at my clues to figure it out. I then started pulling all of this stuff out of my bag. Hands shot up immediately and I heard a lot of “oohh, ooohhh I know!!”. They very easily were able to guess I was going to the beach. We discuss how they were able to figure it out.

First, they told me that the stuff I brought out was all “beach” stuff. I asked how they knew that, and they eventually were able to articulate that they knew it because they’ve been to the beach so they know what you need.

Next, I brought out inference anchor chart and we talked about what it meant.

Inferring Anchor Chart

We have previously talked about schema, so this isn’t a knew word. We discussed how you infer by using your prior knowledge and text evidence from the book to figure out something that the author didn’t come right out and tell you.

For short, I told them, we use the book plus or brain. 🙂

Through out the week, we read some great books for inferring. Here are the books we read.

This is the perfect book to start your inferring journey with your students. The simple words and clear pictures provide multiple opportunities to infer.

Not only will this book make your kiddos laugh the whole time, but at the end, they can infer that, no animals shouldn’t wear clothes, because people should!

As we read, my students took notes on their inferences.

Inferring Example 1

Next, we read a great, wordless book.

Tuesday is another hilarious book that your students will love. Wait until the last page for your students to start inferring what is happening.

The Relatives Came is another fantastic book that your students can infer through the whole reading process.

And again, my students took notes as they read.

Inferring Example 2

The rest of the week, we started focusing on answering explicit and inferred questions while we read, and learning about inferring certainly main it easier because they understood that they had to give me proof with their answers.

This week we’re continuing to work on asking and answering questions.

Let me know how you teach making inferences!

**Edit** I had a few people ask for the inference book, so if you’re interested, click the picture below to purchase it from my TPT store (only $1.50).


Have a great Sunday!

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Primary Paradise

Primary Paradise

I have always had a passion for teaching and sharing with others and look forward to sharing my ideas with you!


  • Angie
    March 23, 2014 5:37 pm

    For years I had been teaching 5th grade students to use what you read or see in pictures or their context clues and their ‘smart fifth grade brain’. One day as I was reminding them to use context clues and, I accidently said, “Your fart fith grade brain!” Of course the child who never pays attention pipes up,”She just said fart!” The laugh of the school year!

  • Lanie Madere
    January 26, 2016 12:54 am

    I am a student, learning to be a teacher and tomorrow I teach 10-15 second graders about and this lesson plan is perfect!!! You are amazing. Thank you so much for sharing it with me I really appreciate it.

    • Primary Paradise
      Primary Paradise
      March 3, 2016 4:17 pm

      I am so glad to help! Best of luck! 🙂

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